A gingham pattern is composed of alternating white and colored stripes that are applied both vertically and horizontally. This looks similar to a checkered pattern but, unlike checks, it has three colors composed of the white and one chosen color, plus a darker shade which is a result of the intersection of the colored stripes.
You can easily create a gingham pattern with any image manipulation software. If you don’t have one, you can always use an open-source program like GIMP which is completely free to download at their site. You can use GIMP or any other software using equivalent commands of the instructions below.
Creating A Gingham Pattern
Open a new file by clicking FILE->New and choosing your desired template size. Once you have your blank canvas, click FILTERS->Render->Pattern->Grid. You can now see a dialog box showing a grid pattern along with inputs for Width, Spacing, Offset and Color settings.
At the dialog box, adjust the settings and colors according to pattern you want to create. Keep the measurements even by making sure the input values are “locked”. This is signified by a chain toggle found below the two corresponding inputs.
For this example, set the Horizontal and Vertical values of the Width to 12, the Spacing to 24 and the Offset to 4. For the colors, click on the Color buttons and choose the shade that you want. After choosing the color, set the A-channel to 50 or lower.
You have now made your very own gingham pattern using the simple steps above. You can further experiment with this pattern by adjusting the settings and colors according to your own satisfaction.
Customizing Your Gingham
The Width setting adjusts the thickness of your colored stripes. You can make the horizontal lines thicker than the vertical lines, and vice versa, by unlocking the chain toggle which can be found below the two inputs.
The Spacing adjusts the size of the white blocks of your pattern and, thus, the size of the pattern itself. By unlocking the toggle, you’ll be creating uneven squares which is uncharacteristic for gingham patterns.
The Offset setting adjusts the top, right margin of your pattern. This can be very useful if you decide to tile your pattern. Creating a tileable pattern takes careful computation and, probably, a lot of trials and errors, so keep your patience.
The Color and Transparency are very important in achieving the gingham pattern. You always have to set the Alpha or A-channel to very low levels to get that mingling effect at the color intersections.